Natura 2000

Natura 2000 is an ecological network composed of areas important for the preservation of endangered species and habitat types in the EU. Its goal is to conserve or re-establish favorable conditions for more than thousands of endangered and rare species and around 230 natural and semi-natural habitat types.

So far, this ecological network includes 27.500 areas in almost 20% of the EU territory, which makes it the biggest network of protected areas in the world. Natura 2000 is based on the EU directives, areas are selected by scientific standards and management considers the interests and well-being of people that live in those areas.

Ecological network Natura 2000 is one of the basic mechanisms of nature protection in the EU. Every state member contributes to the Ecological Network by selecting the most important areas for each species of interest and habitat type.

The areas selected for the Ecological Network are chosen exclusively based on the scientific criteria and they need to ensure the long-term preservation of favorable conditions with their surface and positioning.

Paklenica National Park, as a part of the Ecological Network Natura 2000 is an area significant for species and habitat types.

Site ID

SITE NAME: Paklenica National Park

SITE CODE:  HR2000871

AREA (ha): 9.507,56


Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC  



Species English


Species Scientific


1083 Stag Beetle Lucanus cervus Invertebrata
1087 Alpine Longihorn Rosalia alpina*
1088 Great capricorn beetle Cerambyx cerdo
1089   Morimus asper funereus
4019 Leptodirus Leptodirus hochenwartii
6337 The meadow viper Vipera ursinii macrops* Reptiles
1303 Lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros Mammals
1304 Greater horseshoe bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
1308 Western barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus
1310 Common bent-winged bat Miniopterus schreibersii
1321 Geofroy's bat Myotis emarginatus
1323 Bechstein's bat Myotis bechsteinii
1324 Greater mouse-eared bat Myotis myotis
1352 Wolf Canis lupus
1354 Brown bear Usrus arctos
1361 Lynx Lynx lynx
6338 Balkan snow vole Dinaromys bogdanovi
1473 Columbine Aquilegia kitaibelii Plants
1547   Genista holopetala
1604 Alpine Sea holy Eryngium alpinum
1902 Lady's slipper orchid Cypripedium calceolus
4072   Cerastium dinaricum
2093 Greater Pasque flower Pulsatilla grandis
4089 Scopoli's rockcress Arabis scopoliana



Habitat types present on the site

 Habitat type code Habitat type name
4070 Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti)
5130 Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp.
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands
8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii)
8140 Eastern Mediterranean screes
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
Caves not open to the public
91K0 Illyrian Fagus sylvatica forests (Aremonio-Fagion)
9530 (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines