Visit exhibition "Mirila-resting places of the souls" in ethno house Marasović in Starigrad-Paklenica.
Mirila, stone monuments to the departed, can be found along the mountain paths, passes, elevations and clearings of Mt. Velebit. Mirila date from the times of the Velebit hamlets (17th-20th cent.), that mainly survived from animal husbandry. They preserve the memories of persons who died on the mountain slopes and had to be carried to the village church and then to the cemetery where they were buried.
Today, mirila are protected intangible cultural heritage of the Republic of Croatia.
This exhibition speaks about mirila – the stone markers of a unique funeral cult, which convey the customs, way of life and creativity of an entire era, in a contemporary interpretation of scientist and artist (Siniša Reberski, Krešimir Rončević, Radivoj Simonović, Tomo Vinšćak, Mirjana Trošelj, Petar i Josip Strmečki, Josip Zanki).
Opening hourse - every day 13.00-21.00h.
The history of rock climbing in Paklenica began as far back as 1938, when Dragutin Brahm, aka Raca, attempted to make the first ascent of the Anića Kuk wall, which unfortunately ended tragically. In 1940 Marijan Dragman and Slavo Brezovečki climbed the route that Brahm had envisioned and they named it “Brahm's Route” in his honour.
Dragutin Brahm (Zagreb, 26 August 1909 – Starigrad, 27 June 1938) was a member of the Alpine climbing section of the Croatian Mountaineering Society “Velebit”. He successfully attempted to ascend the north face of Triglav, as well as the Grossglockner before dying on the Anića Kuk wall.
Brahm's Route – the first route ascended in Paklenica.
It was not possible to access Paklenica during the WWII and the post-war years. Only after 1955 the alpine climbing activities resumed in Paklenica, mostly by Croatian climbers.
Many classic routes in Anića Kuk were ascended during the 1950s and 1960s, the most famous being: Mosoraški, Velebitaški and Klin.
M – Mosoraški route (grade V°) – according to legend, on 17 July 1957 members of the Alpine climbing section “Mosor” from Split - Boris Kulić and Boris Kambić – ascended this route with ropes they had untied from their mothers’ clothes lines and a few homemade pitons.
V – Velebitaški route (grade VI°) – ascended on 4-5 October 1961 by members of the Mountaineering Society “Velebit” from Zagreb: Nedjeljko Jakić, Matija Mlinac and Davor Ribarović.
K – Klin route (grade VI°) – ascended on 4-8 October 1966 by Miroslav Pleško, Stanislav Gilić and Nedjeljko Jakić – the ascent took five days.
In 1959, the first Labour Day gathering of alpine climbers was held in Paklenica and the climbing camp was in Anića Luka meadow.
Members of the Mountaineering Society “Velebit”, Marijan Čepelak and Borislav Aleraj, conquered the route Brid Klina in Anića Kuk in the period between 26 April and 3 May 1973. At that time, this was the highest grade of aid climbing in Croatia (A3, A4) and it held a record in the duration of the ascent – 8 days.
Paklenica entered a new phase during the 1970s with increasing number of visiting Slovenian climbers. Franc Knez is one that particularly stands out – he climbed approximately 40 routes in Paklenica, which are still amongst the hardest (Kača 6a+).
Slovenian climbers are also credited for the hardest Croatian aid climbing routes ascended in Paklenica at the end of the 1980s. The most significant ones are Spomin, A2 (S. Karo, J. Jeglič, F. Knez), Tango Vertikal, A3 (S. Karo, S. Škarja) and Jogananda,
A4 (M. Praprotnik, M. Ravhekar).
In 1990 the Remy brothers – Swiss climbers – visited Paklenica and ascended two beautiful, difficult routes: Rajna and Welcome.
In the last two decades sport climbing has become increasingly popular and new routes are mostly short sport climbing routes. However, there is also a whole range of beautiful and well-equipped long climbing routes on almost all the rocks in Paklenica.
The route Il Maratoneta 8b+ is the most difficult short sport route in Paklenica. Since Maurizio “Manola” Zanolla climbed it for the first time in 1987, it has been repeated only three times.
Velika Paklenica Educational Trail
The most visited trail in the park leading from Velika Paklenica Canyon to the Mountain hut. The track has 10 educational panels providing information on the natural features of NP Paklenica and cultural features of the area.
Educational Trail Velika Paklenica
Paklarić Educational Trail with a belvedere
The Paklarić Educational Trail is situated along the left bank of the stream not far from the reception. The entrance to the trail is marked by panels. The educational trail begins with the old, renovated Paklenica Mill and leads to the Paklarić Fort at an elevation of 121 m, and the belvedere providing a panoramic view. The trail is 550 meters long and equipped with four educational/informative panels: The houses (stanovi) of Velebit, Traditional agriculture of Southern Velebit, Livestock breeding in Southern Velebit and caravan bird. The belvedere has a telescope and two interpretive panels specifying the important archeological sites.
Educational Trail Paklarić
About the Paklarić Fort
An archeological exploration of Paklarić was carried in 2001. This included the defensive wall in the east part of the plateau, and a small amount of prehistoric ceramic and a large amount of medieval ceramic were discovered.
The said defensive wall is believed to have been built in the late Middle Age (14th-16th century) on and from the remains of a prehistoric stone wall fortification.
A large amount of animal bones, shells and fragments of clay tableware was discovered on the west edge of the plateau. Significant findings also include three silver coins of Venetian dukes.
This defensive facility is also believed to have been built in the late Middle Age, supervising the important communication from the sea through Paklenica to Lika and back.
Educational Trail “A Short Journey through History” and the Starigrad – Reljani Bike Trail
The eight-kilometers-long bike & pedestrian trail leads from the center of Starigrad – Paklenica to the reception in Velika Paklenica, through old villages all the way to Seline. The Educational Trail “A Short Journey through History” is part of this pedestrian & bike trail. It is equipped with five panels presenting the history of the area from prehistoric times to date.
Pedestrian – educational trail “Pjeskarica”
Pedestrian – educational trail “Pjeskarica” stretches from Paklenica Mill to the car park in the Canyon, along the east bank of the creek. The 1,500 m long trail leads you through an area of diverse relief forms and lush vegetation. At the beginning of the trail there is a “classroom” where educational programs named “School in Nature” take place, while the rest of the trail is equipped with interpretation panels.
Due to its unique natural features, magnificent forests and extraordinary geomorphologic structures, the area of Velika and Mala Paklenica was proclaimed a national park in 1949. The main reason for proclaiming this area a national park was the protection of the largest and best preserved forest complex in the territory of Dalmatia, which was threatened by overexploitation. The Paklenica National Park stretches on the area of 95 km2 , on the littoral slope of South Velebit under the zone of highest mountain peaks Vaganski vrh (1752) and Sveto brdo (1753).
It covers the area of torrent flows of Velika Paklenica and Mala Paklenica, and their distinctive canyons carved vertically into the south slopes of Velebit and the broader surrounding area. The relatively small area has an abundance of geomorphological phenomena and forms, diverse flora and fauna, attractive landscapes and intact nature. Diverse habitats in the area of Paklenica, along with elevation stratification, provide a home for diverse fauna.
Distinctive features of Paklenica National Park are autochthonous forests of black pine, several types of beech forests and deep canyons with torrent flows of Velika and Mala Paklenica. Wider area of Paklenica National Park prides itself with rich and diverse cultural heritage.
DATE OF PROCLAMATION OF THE PROTECTED AREA: 19 October 1949
PROTECTION PROCLAMATION ACT:
The Act on Proclamation of Paklenica Forest a National Park (Official Gazette no. 84/49);
The Act on Amendments to the Act on Proclamation of Paklenica Forest a National Park (Official Gazette no. 15/97)
AREA: 95 km2
HIGHEST PEAKS: Vaganski vrh 1 757 m, Sveto brdo 1 753 m
COUNTIES: Zadar (64 km2) and Lika-Senj (31 km2)
MUNICIPALITIES: Starigrad and Lovinac
INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION: MAB – a biosphere reserve
The name Paklenica probably derives from black pine sap called “paklina”, which the locals used in traditional medicine, for wound treatment, for light and for coating of wooden boats.
Paklenica National Park Public Institution
Dr. Franje Tuđmana 14a
HR - 23244 Starigrad-Paklenica
Tel.: 00385 / 23 / 369-155, 369-202, 369 -803 (Park Reception)
Fax: 00385 / 23 / 359-133
VAT ID: HR24913665146
IBAN: HR0623300031100028968, Splitska banka